What is diabetes?
- A disease of high blood glucose (sugar) levels.
How does diabetes happen?
- Typically hereditary, the diabetes gene is activated with certain situations
(obesity, age, stress, injury, sleep deprivation, smoking).
What about food and insulin?
- We get energy from food, primarily in the form of glucose.
- All food turns into glucose, and we have glucose stored internally in our liver.
- A gland behind the stomach called the pancreas should make enough of the
hormone insulin to handle any food.
- Insulin unlocks the cells (the smallest component of the body) and allows
glucose to enter.
- With diabetes, the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin or use insulin
- Without enough insulin, the glucose piles up in the bloodstream and can
cause many problems.
What are the goals of diabetes self-management?
- Lower your glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol to a safe level.
- Live a full life!
When to call the doctor?
- If your glucose is less than 70 or more than 250 for two days.
If your glucose is less than 180 and you can't keep food down
(your medication dose may need changing).
- If you are vomiting or have diarrhea.
- If you are not tolerating your medication.
What do I do when I'm sick?
- Check glucose at least every four hours.
- Drink plenty of sugar-free, caffeine-free liquids (examples include water,
- You still need small amounts of carbohydrate food for healing.
- If you take diabetes medication and glucose is more than 180, continue
the usual dose.